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Part 1: [A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ]

Part 2: [A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ]

CABLESWYND Probably from Henry Campbell, a Fleming who lived in Leith and owned property there in the time of Charles I, Cromwell, and Charles II, j.s. The suggestion of "Cable" in a seaport is obvious, ,11.486.C.2. Henry Capill to be free maltman of Leith, m.t.c. 5/12/1660 D. 1799, 77. Cable Wynd, D. 182 7. Originally Kapple's Wynd, o.& n.e. iii 226. Kappel's Wynd in map of 1850 in Robertson's Sculptured Stones of Leith, Irons 1.297. From a Dutch or Flemish resident, m.t.c. 18/8/1802, 6/3/1816. Alias Mathieson's Wynd, m.t.c. 7/2/1821, 6/3/1838. Among streets in Leith to be repaired is Caple Wynd leading to the Water of Leith, m.t.c. 13/4/1743.
CADIZ STREET Trade connection.
CALEDONIAN CRESCENT
PLACE
ROAD
From Caledonian Railway closeby.
CALLENDER'S ENTRY D.1827. o.s. Shown as Callender's Close, Ainslie, Kirkwood, which gave access to the house of Mr. Callender, Edgar 1765, inserted. Callender House in the Canongate, m.t.c. 10/9/1823, was built by John Callender of Craigforth, the grandson and heir of John Callende of Craigforth, former deacon of the Blacksmiths, whose wife was Jonnet Taylor, Prot. W.F.1, 25/6/1745; A. W. 7, 25/1/1725. John Callender, advocate, acquired the land from Gilbert Duncan, mason, 15th September 1768, but it is inserted in Edgar 1765, and built the house, Can. Chart. 18/7/1769 and 2.3/10/1782. He sold it later to Sir Ludovick Grant of Grant, Can. Chart. 30/4/1901. It now forms part of' the Veterans' Residence. It is said that the ancestral blacksmith acquired the family wealth through having received in pounds sterling payment of an account which he had rendered in pounds Scots for work done by him as farrier in Scotland to James VI, New Lights, 195. See also Scots Magazine 1789, the year of Mr. Callender's death. See also Kay, 1.1.51 and o.& n.e. ii. 162, for some notes anent the family.
CALTON ROAD New name given to the North Back of the Canongate in the belief that change of label improves wine. Early 20th century.
CAMBRIDGE STREET Built 1850. Roy. Geog. Map 1919. First intended to be called Watson St. feuded 1849. From Watson's Hospital, which receives half the income, Grindlay. Cambridge St. formerly Watson's St. Reg. 12/11/1862.
CAMERON BANK Cambrune, Baird 16. On the lands of Cameron, owned by Prestons of Craigmillar, through which flows the Cameron burn, with Cameron-Bridge spanning it. Cameron House Ord. Surv. 1852. The common or Cameron Myre, m.t.c. 12/6/1816.
CAMERON CRESCENT
PARK
TERRACE
From same. See also Cameron Avenue-Part II.
CAMPBELL AVENUE
ROAD
Sir Archibald Campbell of Succoth, superior.
CAMPBELL'S CLOSE Ainslie, Kirkwood, Kerr. Rae's Close, Can. Chart, 4/10/1773. From Mr. George Campbell, bailie of the Canongate, meal merchant, who owned a tenement on the north side of the Canongate, at Rae's Close, Prot. J.H. Canong. 9/11/1682; Can. Chart. 10/9/1774. He owned Campbell's land, east of Reid's Close, and had two sons, William, merchant in the Canongate and George, LatorProt.J.H. Canong. 9/11/1682, Can. Chart. 10/9/1774. Campbell's land was occupied later by Arthur Ross, Archbishop of St. Andrews: Col. George Douglas, later 13th Earl of Morton died 1738: James I14th Earl of Morton died 1768: 2nd Archibald Hope, writer Can. Chart. 15/5/1801. By a curious slip Campbell's land is called 'Campbell's London, west of Wadell's London',Can. Chart. 19/6/1793. The former name of the Close was Rite's Close,Can . Chart. 4/10/1773, but the origin is unknown.
CANAAN LANE The ground to the north of the Jordan Burn, q.v., acquired its name in the days of the Covenanters, o.e.c. x. 179. Property for sale, 11/1/1775, eec.j.s. D. 1827. Land of Canaan, m.t.c. 30/7/1788 Lands of Canaan, part of the Common Muir, m.t.c. 12/6/1816. Lands commonly called Canaan, Prot. 28/9/1734. G.I.2. James Russell, tenant in Canaan,m.t.c. 27/10/1680, 16/11/1671. Aikers of Wester common muir, commonly called Canaan, m.t.c.28/8/1761. 'I'welve aikers of land with houses & grass of Canaan Set in tack to Jas. Russell in Canaan. 'I'eind land of Braid on s., with a little strand: lands of Mr. Wm. Livingston, sometime possest by heirs of John Tweedie, on w., common back muir on n, lands of wester Grange one., m.t.c. 27/11/1667. Tack to Jas. Russell in Cannan of four aikers of land besyd Simmion Rollog's chapel in the back muir, m.t.c. 30/11/1677.
CANDLEMAKER ROW Prot. 24/1/1735, o.g.h. 10. From the Hall of the corporation of Candlemakers. In the first stair-tower, west side, as one descends, coat of arms over the door, o.& n.e. ii. 267. Street now so called, made 1612, Maitland 58. See Loaning under Appx. Incorporation of Candlemakers intended to make structural alterations, m.t.c. 3/5/1826. Advertisement of feus, mention of ruinous candleshop, north of cast entry to Greyfriars, m.t.c. 26/6/1838. Lands of "societias Candelariorum" there. Alias Society Wynd Prot. (;.H.8, 7/10/1728, 29/4/1724). Ruinous candleshops near the Society Port, below entry to Greyfriar's Churchyard, Prot. 17/8/1721. 'Candlemakerrow Street', Reg. 31/12/1857. Candlemaker row on west side of "societatis venellae opposite societai" on south side of entry to Greyfriar's Churchyard. Bounded by said yard on West: by Society Wynd on east. 'I'ent. of Wm. Wilson, candlemaker on south: of (blank) Alexander candlemaker, on north. A whole lot of candlemakers all around, Prot. G.H.4, 11/9/1711. Candlemaker row seems to have been, at first, the row of candlemaking workshops on the west side of the Society Wynd, Prot. G.H.8, 7/10/1728. Vennel called C.maker row, Prot. G.H.8, 7/10/1728.
CANNING STREET
LANE
Map Stark 1825. From Geo. Canning. Foreign Secretary 1807. Fought a duel with Lord Castlereagh 1810. Premier Feb. 1827, died 8 Aug. 1 827. "That man Canning will be the salvation of' the cuntra" Notes Ambrosianae March 1825, A pr. 1827. Not in any Directory up to and including 1855/6. Seems to be first shown on Knox map 33a 1821.
CANONGATE
CANONMILLS
CANON STREET
From the Augustinian Canons of Holyrood, permitted by David I, to build on each side of the gait, and who owned the mills, Canongate St. M. Canon St. Canon Mills, Littlejohn App. 20. The burgh finally absorbed by Edinburgh 1856, m.t.c. 22. "The Canongate of the Monastery of TheHoly Rood near Edinburgh",c.c.819 6/7/1514. A proposal was made by Sir Andrew Ramsay, Lord Provost, for incorporating the Canongate with Edinburgh, to the Town Council, promising to back it in the next Parliament. The Council thanked him, and promised to consider it seriously, m.t.c. 10/10/1669.
CARGIL TERRACE From the property, Cargilfield, D. 1827. Owned by Mr. Kinnear, Kirkwood, m.t.c. 1916/1811.
CARLTON STREET D. 1827. Probably from residence of George IV, in memory of his visit in 1822. He occupied Carlton House when Prince Regent.
CARLTON TERRACE As Carlton St. Compare Royal Terrace and Regent Terrace. Old name Carlton Place, m.t.c. 3/11/1830. Reg. 25/12/1858.
CARLYLE PLACE After Thomas Carlyle, author and philosopher.
CARPET LANE From Factory there, j.r.
CARRINGTON ROAD From Lord Carrington, Governor of New Zealand, 1885-1890. Carrington House (Fettes Trust). From part of Armiston Estate, of Sir Robert Dundas, one of the Trustees and afterwards a governor. See also Carrington Crescent-Part II.
CARRUBBER'S CLOSE Edgar. Ainslie. Kirkwood. Kerr. Grant o.& n.e. ii. 241 derives the name from William de Carabris, ballie in 1454, but gives no authority. Bruce Home repeats this, adding that the bailie was probably of foreign extraction. The name of the close occurs in John Foular's protocols before 1513. James Hay of Carruber owned coalyards at the foot of Penston's Close, Prot. A.W.4, 27/8/1713; J.W.3, 21/7/1755. 'There was a tenement called Carrubber's land beside North Gray's Close, Reg. 24/11/1743, to which we may attribute the name, without identifying the man, for there were various persons styled of Carrubber-spelling it as each chose-e.g. Monteith of Caruber appears in the Burgess Register of 15th and 29th July 1674; Robert son of late John Mirrie of Carribber is mentioned, Prot. A.W. 7, 27/8/1723. Wm. Blair of Avontoun.and Curriber bank owned property affected by the making of the Union Canal in 1817. The close just west of North Gray's Close appears in one entry. G.H.5, 4/1/1716 as Carrutherber's Close; Maitland gives both Carruthei's and Carrubber's, M.216.
CASSELS LANE Cassels Place, foot of Leith Walk, to let: apply to Andrew 8/1/1811, eec.j.s. D. 1827. Andrew Cassells' property, Shore, Leith. Andrew Cassels of Cassels Pl. near Leith, m.t.c. 4/9/1822. D. 1801/1. For Trustees of Andrew Cassels of Cassels Pl., near Leith, tent. built by him in Bernard St. near Weigh-house, m.t.c. 4/9/1822. Cassels Place now part of Leith Walk.
CASTLE HILL
STREET
TERRACE
From the Castle of Edinburgh, being either near to it, or looking towards it. Castle Bank, the slope at the back, or south side of the Castle, D. 1827. Original name "fortress of the hill of Agnes". Later "Castrum Puellarum" where resided the daughters of the Pictish Kings till married, Anderson, 4.
CASTLE WYND D.1827. Leading up to the Castlehill and Castle, Edgar 1742/1765. Ainslie, 1780/1804. Ord Surv. (M) Prot. 11/10/1710, A.W.3.
CASTLE ROAD EAST
WEST
From Merchiston Castle, behind which they lie.
CAUSEYSIDE The main road, causey, or chaussee, toward the south. The calsey leid and fra the Societie port to the wind mylne, m.t.c. 27/7/1735.
Now Causewayside.
CHALMERS BUILDINGS Beside the church there. Built 1855 and named after Rev. Thos. Chalmers, D.D. who did so much for church extension. Died 1847.
CHALMERS CRESCENT Beside the Chalmers' Memorial United Free Church in memory of Rev. Thomas Chalmers, D.D., one of the leaders at the Disruption of , Church from State, 1843. He is buried in the South or Grange Cemetery, opposite the church. He died May 1847 in the house which he had built, in Churchill, marked by a tablet.
CHALMERS CLOSE Shown as Chambers' Close, D. 1799, Dunsyre's, G.I.3, 29/11/1739, and its variants, Deasyre's Prot. J. W. 4, 30/6/1758 and Densquer's Close Reg,. 16/10/1860. Boyd's Close, Reg. 19/12/1861. Edgar. Ainslie. Kirkwood. Kerr. The name is derived from Patrick Chalmers, belt maker, owner of a tenement in the close, which was inherited by his son William, Prot. W.F.2, 30/6/1747. Patrick Chalmers was Captain in the Trained Bands, 4th December 1682, probably of 'the Green and Reid' in 1685, t.b.29, 40, 122. Many members of the family are mentioned in the protocols, e.g. Roderick, heraldic painter, Prot. A. W. 7, 9/11/1723; Agnes and Elizabeth, daughters of George Chalmers, W.S., proprietors, Prot. W.F.2, 30/6/1747; Laurence, printer, p.w. 1780; James, S.S.C., D.1827; Miss Janet, m.t.c. 21/10/1829; Mrs. Janet, relict of Robert Henderson of Kinghorn; and Mrs. Helen, wife of James White in Canada, who owned a tenement between Chalmers' and Monteith's Close, Reg. 11/12/1760 all connected with the close. The name Dunsyre's Close is derived from the tenement owned by Wm. Dunsyre, Dunstiare, or de Dunsyre, which stood on the west of the great mansion of Andrew, Bishop of Moray, on the north side of the High Street, c.c.600, 26/10/1495;Prot.A.W.3, 10/2/1711. Thomas de Dunsyre, burgess, with consent of his wife Elen, alienated to the Prior and Convent of Blackfriars, lands on the north side of the High Street bounded on the north and south by those of Wm. de Dunsyre, c.c. 505, 6/5/1483. Boyd's Close, alias Chalmers', Reg. 19/12/1861, takes its name from Boyd's land, alias the Blew or Blue Land, probably from a slated roof. Prot. A. W.8, 1/9/1726, 25/3/1728, at the head of Chalmers' Close, Prot. A.W. 7, 9/11/1723, acquired by Hugh Boyd, merchant, from George Smith, merchant in Stockholm, Prot. W.F.2, 30/6/1747, and standing between Chalmers' and Sandilands' Closes, Reg. 1/6/1858.
CHALMERS STREET From the Chalmers Hospital at the top of the street, endowed by Geo. Chalmers, plumber, who died 1836. Hospital built 1861, o.& n.e. ii. 363.
CHAMBERLAIN ROAD "From an official of the city named Falrholme who is buried" in the tomb of John Livingstone and his wife Elizabeth Rig, who acquired the lands of Greenhill in 1636, o.& n.e. ii. 4. It is named Banner Place in Johnston's map of 1851; from the banner erected on the Bore Stone, q.v. Not shown in Ord. Surv. 1852. Chamberlain Road, D.M. 1852. Properly Chamberlain's Road, as Littlejohn map. Founded on error, m.t.c. 11/9/1700. The town council recognising the drawback of frequent change of treasurer, pass an act for the institution of a chamberlain. Thos. Fisher elected first chamberlain 11 Sept. 1700. He was in active office 6 Oct. 1710. Mentioned as "Late chamberlane", m.t.c. 29/11/1710. He died 26/11/1711.
CHAMBERS STREET From Provost Wm. Chambers, under whom so many ''improvements'' were effected, including the making of this street, circa 1870.
CHANCELOT CRESCENT
TERRACE
On the grounds of "ChanceLott' :D. 1827. "ChanceLot", Kirkwood A.1825. 3/4/1806,eec.j.s. Chancelot, house and garden, Ord.Surv. 1852. "Thos. Davidson, shoemaker. Chance Inn", m.t.c.16/12/1801 Lands of Chancelot,e.e.c. 5/10/1820.
CHAPEL LANE From old Episcopal Chapel, demolished before 1884, o.& n.e. Irons, ii. b. Built 1590w.o.l. 211. D. 1800, 70. D. 1827. Chapel's Wynd South Leith. Lees quarter, m.t.c. 24/6/1812. S. S. L. Map, J.R.S.L. 391.
CHAPEL STREET From the adjoining Chapel of Ease, of the West Kirk. The name is given to West Nicolson St. in Ainslie 1780, D. 1799, 88. Altered in 1804, Chapel named "Hope Park Chapel" St. C. 174. "West Chappel St.", m.t.c. 26/11/1794. Opened for serviceman. 1756,St.C. 129.
CHARLES STREET LANE See Chambers' Domestic Annals of Scotland Vol III, p.371-1712.
CHARLOTTE LANE
SQUARE
STREETS
NORTH
SOUTH
From Queen Charlotte wife of George III, Ainslie, Charlotte Sq- planned, not built, is St. George Sq. 1780. In 1804 Charlotte Sq. "St. George Square to be called Charlotte Sq." m.t.c. 20/7/1785. & Evidently to prevent confusion with the existing George Square, m.t.c. 19/7/1786 by approval of Lord Alva, part proprietor.
CHARTERHALL ROAD On the estate of the Trotters of Mortonhall, owners also of Charterhall in Berwickshire.See also Charterhall Grove-Part II
CHESSEL'S COURT Ainslie. Kirkwood. Kerr. Chesel Building, Edgar, 1765. The court was built by Archibald Chessel on lands acquired from David, son to Alexander Pirie, merchant, and also from David Milne mason, Reg. 26/2/1856. See also Pirie's Close and Milne's Close. Chessel, a wright to trade, had a seat in the Tron Kirk in 1745, Tron Kirk, 177. A house was advertised in 1767, e.e.c. 18/2/1767, to let, in Chessel's Building, enquire of Mr. Chessels, the proprietor in the court adjoining. His widow applied in 1779 for a water-pipe from the fountain well to the Excise Office, m.t.c. 18/8/1779, 10/9/1779, which was the scene of Deacon Wm. Brodie's last and fatal exploit as housebreaker.
CHESSER AVENUE From Councillor-treasurer-Lord Provost, 1919-1921. John Wm. Chesser. See also Chesser Crescent etc-Part II
CHEYNE STREET Capt. Alexr. Cheyne, R.E. 15 Cheyne St. D. 1827. D. 1831/2.
CHURCH HILL
CHURCHILL PLACE
From Morningside Parish Church closeby. Original name Napier Terrace (from the neighbouring property of Merchiston, formerly owned by the Napier family). D.M. 1852. Johnston 1851. Churchill Ord. Surv. 1852.
CIRCUS LANE
NORTH WEST
NORTH EAST & SOUTH EAST PLACES
From adjacent Royal Circus.
CITADEL
CITADEL STREET
From the citadel built by General Monk in 1656 on the site of the demolished St. Nicholas Church, Citadel, p.w. 1780/81-106. "Citydale", m.t.c. 1/9/1773.
CLAREBANK CRESCENT
CLAREMONT ROAD
Suggested by the name of Claremont house, which formerly stood on the ground, j.r.
CLAREMONT CRESCENT
GARDENS
PARK
ROAD
STREETS EAST & WEST
On the grounds of Claremont Park, feued by Heriot Trust, 15/10/1825 eec.js. Clermont D.1827, 29. Lothians Map 1825, Claremont St. m.t.c. 11/10/1826. See also Claremont Bank, Grove - Part II
CLARENCE STREET Ord. Surv. 1852. Letter to the Duke of Clarence (anent monument to his late brother, the Duke of York), who hopes to visit Edinburgh soon, m.t.c. 14/3/1827.
CLARENDON CRESCENT 1850 Gilbert. Complete Ord. Surv. 1852. Original name Victoria Cresc., Forbes 64. Wilson's map issued about 1853. Geo. Wm. Fred. 4th Earl of Clarendon, Born 1800, died 1870. Politician. Named Victoria Cresc. in Thomas C. Jack's map, Claud Shaw, Civil Engineer. Geo. Bartholomew. No date.
CLARK AVENUE ROAD On property of Mr. Clerk, Ainslie 1804, or from Sir Thos. Clark, Convener of finance Committee of Heriot's Trust. Sir John Clerk, his son, was chairman of the Heriot 'I'rust, owners of the property, j.r.
CLERK STREET Lothian Map 1825. m.t.c. 27/8/1817. Clark St. Kirkwood. D. 1827.
CLIFTON TERRACE From John Clerk, Lord Eldin (conjectured). See o.& n.e. ii. 186. See Eldin St. in Appx "The great road formed through St. Patrick Sq", m.t.c. 6//1813. footpath from St. Patrick's Sq. to the corner of Salisbury Road, m.t.c. 16/11/1814. Charter to Wm.Clerk. Clerk to the Signet, of part of Goose Dub and various grounds belonging to late John Gibson, writer, & 'I'hos. Grinton Smithfield, m.t.c. 26/6/1816.
CLINTON ROAD On property of Alexr. Chas. Maitland (see Maitland St) of Cliftonhall.
CLOCKMILL LANE From superior, Lord Clinton, son-in-laws to Sir John Stuart Forbes of Pitsilgo, (Grindlay Trust).
CLUNY AVENUE
PLACE
TERRACE
DRIVE
GARDENS
From the old Mansion of Clockmill House, or "Clokisrwne Mylne", 1569. Name of locality, existed before the house. The name is corrupt Gaelic, and has no connection -with a "Clock", o.& n.e,. ii, 41. Robert Donaldson's part of the lands of Clockmill, called the Tennis Court, v.r.46. "Clackmill" from the house (Bailie D.W. Kemp). From the mill in the poultry farm, or Clockenmill of the Abbey of Holyrood. Clockenmill burn & bridge, j.r.

Clockmylne House, or Cloicksholm (from the Gaelic word cloich-a stone). Latterly Bellevue, Mackay 154. Clack-mill House, M. 143.c.z. Land in Cloakmylne disponed by Robt. Ker to Andrew Davidson, Tailor in Canongate and his wife Janet Hastie, m.t.c. 14/6/1648. Calsey between Wattergait and Clokmilne to be repaired, m.t.c. 3/12/1669. From Gordon Of Cluny who acquired the Braid Estate before 1800, o.& n.e.iii. 41. In 1771 St. Matthews 33. From the Browns.

CLYDE STREET
ST. LANE
D.1827. Compliment to the river, m.t.c. 10/9/1806. "Meuse Lane, now called Clyde St." m.t.c. 5/1/1841. There seem to be two Clyde Streets, north & south, 29/5/1811.
COALHILL Descriptive, already so named 1606, St.C.12. o.& n.e. iii. 247. Coals were unloaded there. Coalhill, Kirkgate, Leith, p.w.1773, 64. So named in 18th Century, j.r.s.l. 176.
COATES CRESCENT
GARDENS
PLACE
D.1827. From the Manor house of Easter Coates, beside St. Mary's Episcopal Church, Palmerston Pl., belonging to the family of Byres, who gave name of Byre's Close. Probably named from sheep cotes, ovilia, Reek. 35. "Coittis " BB.57. Coates Cresc. planned, Kirkwood. The Crescent on the property of Wm. Walker of Coats, m.t.c. 18/11/1812. "The Crescent on the lands of Coats", m.t.c. 13/1/1813 Coats Crescent, m.t.c. 17/1/1816. Acquired, with superiority by Jas.Walker, w.s. 7/6/1790, m.t.c. 3/1/1827.
COATFIELD LANE From the ancient property of coatfield, owned in 1470 by Patrick Logan, of the Restalrig family, o.& n.e. iii. 220. Name originally Coitfield, and referred to a piece of ground set apart for quoit-playing, t.t.l. 160. Johne Logan of Coitfield 1561, 7/9/1580, 20/8/1574. Irons 1.392.427.ii.43. s.s.l. 78 seems to intimate that it was from a sheep cote in the field, j.r.l.s. 28. Robert Logane of Coitfield, Prot. 18/10/1528. "Logan of Cotfield", St. Giles 321, No. 85. Laing's Charters 116. Coat-fold, s.s.l. map. Two neutrals to be chosen to arbitrate between the town and Lord Balmerinoch about his encroachments on the lands of Coitfield, m.t.c. 7/5/1669.
COBDEN CRESCENT
ROAD
TERRACE
From Richard Cobden, M.P., founder of the Anti Cornlaw League 1838.
COBURG LANE
STREET
From Prince Albert, of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, husband of Queen Victoria. Married 10 Feb. 1840.
COCKBURN STREET Properly "Lord Cockburns St" Reg. 6/2/1861. Imp. Map 1866 who vainly strove to preserve the beauty and interest of Old Edinburgh, leaving his name to the Cockburn Society. He died 1854. The street made 1859. Author of "Circuit journeys". His bust at north entrance to street, o.& n.e. 1.282. A Company formed by Act of Parliament. "The Edinburgh Railway Station Access Coy" in 1853, which bough up, bit by bit, the necessary lands in the closes, which were demolished, and the street made, Reg. Made after Ord. Surv. 1852, 76 Reg 7/9/1860.
COLINTON ROAD Leading from Morningside to Colinton, or Collingtown, the ancient name where of was Halles, as in Kirk Session records; then Hailes, alias Colintoun, o.t,.c. i v. 32. See also Colinton Grove-Part II
COLLEGE STREET SOUTH
NORTH
COLLEGE STREET WEST
On the south side of the College. On the north side of the College. Demolished, circa 1870, and place taken by Chambers St. From Horse Wynd to Potterrow, D. 1827, now the lane between the College and the Royal Scottish Museum.
COLLEGE WYND Edgar. Ainslie. Kirkwood. Vicus Academiae, (Gordon). Kirkfield Wynd,Reg. 24/11/1743. Wynd of the Blessed Virgin Mary in-the-Field, WiIson, ii. 140. Kirk of Field Wynd, Prot. J. W. 6, 15/12/1761 School Chieff Wynd, Prot. W.F.4, 9/4/1751. School House Wynd, Prot. A. W. 4, 9/5/1711.
Its oldest name, Wynd of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Field, is derived from its being the direct approach to the 'Kirk of Field', the scene of the murder of Darnley, on 9th February 1567. 'I'he designation 'in the Field' is due to the fact that, prior to the building of the Flodden Wall in 1513, the site of this church was Outside the Town Wall. In 1506 a property in the wynd is described as having the High School ('summa scola grammaticalis') on the north, Soc.Ant.S.v. 147 from which it took its later name. The College of King James, opened 1583, having been established on the site of the church buildings, the wynd was known thereafter as the College Wynd, see Gordon's map, and that of the Flodden wall and area enclosed by it, o.e.c. vol. ii, p. 6 1.
COLTBRIDGE AVENUE
TERRACE
GARDENS
From the Coltbridge, on the Water of Leith, whence the dragoons bolted in their "Coltbridge Canter" in the '45. Name (fancifully) derived from the colt, which wrought the ferry, before the bridge was built, w.o.l. 125. Probably corrupted from Coatesbridge, or Coatbridge, alluding to neighbouring estate of Wester Coates. Andrew Dalrympell at Coltbridge, Prentice roll 10/1/1683. Wm. Toftis admitted miller in Coltsmylne m.t.c. 22/9/1650. No indication of locality. A committee, with workmen to visit Coltbridge & report, m.t.c. 23/8/1637. Grants were made by the Town towards repairing the Coltbridge & Crawmond bridge, m.t.c. 16/9/1647. The committee having visited the cross ways on the lands of the Laird of Coitts, report that the north most way coming from the Coittbridge to Edinburgh may be taken away and no one prejudiced until they come the length of Wester Wythhouse, providing that the gait betwix the S. way and this N. gait there be a calsey made, and a hie way settled either one or on w.s. of yard & houses of Wester Wythhouse, which way is a leading way to the way that goeth to Leith. Agreed: the n. road being useless and a great damage to lands of Coitts, m.t.c. 3/4/1661. Set, (anon.) map 1730. See also Coltbridge Vale - Part II
COLVILLE PLACE From builder, e.c.b.c.1d.
COMELY BANK
AVENUE
GROVE
PLACE
MEWS
ROW
ROAD
TERRACE
STREET
From the residence of Sir Wm. Fettes. Comely Bank House to let for summer,4/5/1774. eec.j.s. Comely Bank mentioned, j.r. 43.
COMELY GREEN
CRESCENT
PLACE
Old House, Kirkwood. Ord Surv. 1852. "Beautiful villa owned by George Murray, shopkeeper, High Street. 17/9/1808, eec.j.s. Lothian Map 1825.
COMISTON DRIVE
GARDENS
PLACE
ROAD
TERRACE
From the adjacent estate of Comiston, at the top whereof stands the Camus Stone, o.&n.e. iii. 326. Formerly "Colmanstoun", o.e.c.iv72. Alias Thirsten, Prot. 4/9/1729. G.1. i. See also Comiston Grove etc. -Part II
COMMERCIAL STREET "New street of North Leith, now called Commercial Place",m.t.c. 25/1/1832.
CONNAUGHT PLACE Compliment to the Duke of Connaught.
CONSTITUTION PLACE
STREET
Built before 1822, o.&n.e. iii. 243. Constitution Road in Robertson's map of Leith Fortifications, 1850, Irons 1297. Constitution Hill, p.w. I 780/81- 110. C. Lane, Kirkwood, also Court. Proposed new street, nameless, on west side of' Leith Links, m.t.c. 29/1/1806. Constitution Hill seems to have derived its name from the excitement for the preservation of the "British Constitution" when the Movement for Catholic emancipation stirred up the Gordon Riots. See Barnaby Rudge, 1778, j.r.s.l. 158.
CONVEING COURT At Deanpath. Meeting place where the trades were convened.
CORNHILL TERRACE After corn, fancy, e.c.b.c.ld.
CORNWALL STREET Derivation unknown.
CORSTORPHINE See Corstorphine Bank Avenue, etc. -Part II.
COWAN'S CLOSE Probably called after a prominent merchant of that name.
COWGATE The line of this ancient thoroughfare, once a path along which cows were driven to pasture, follows the south flank of the Old Town ridge as far as St. Mary's Street. Centuries ago the Cowgate was a fashionable quarter of the town.
CRAIGLOCKHART Named on request of Merchant Coy., March 1897.
See also Craiglockhart Avenue etc. -Part II.
CRAIGMILLAR PARK On the property of Major Robert Gordon Gordon Gilmour of Liberton and Craigmillar.
CRAIG'S CLOSE Known as Cant's Close, Alexr. Dennistoun's or Dennistoun's Close, Birnie's Close, Carmichael's Close, Haliburton's Close, Joysies, Joussie's, or Josiah's Close. Craig's Close, north side of the High Street, a little below the Cross, took its name from John Craig, wright, burgess, third husband of Ann Hamilton, her first husband, Gauin Stanehouse, baxter: her second, James Borland, writer, who acquired property there from the late David Callen, which he left to his widow, Prot. W. F. 8, 11/5/1758. It seems almost impossible to disentangle this Craig's Close from that which is also called Warriston's Close; the entries in the protocols are most difficult to follow, and the aliases play bewilderingly one into another. Cant's Close, called from the tenement of Alexr. Cant, east of Leitche's Close, Prot. W.F.1, 14/1/1747, of Henry Cant of Over Libbertoun, Reg. 11/7/1741, and also of Patrick Cant, lying to the east of Symone Doweill's land, c.c. 744, 16/10/1509. The alias is clearly stated. Elizabeth, daughter to (blank) Cant, owned property in Craig's, formerly Cant's Close, Prot. J.W.5, 9/5/1759. Alexr. Denniston's Prot. J.W.1, 20/5/1748,or Denniston's Close, M.216; Prot. G.H.5, 18/3/1718, now Craig's Close, from tenement of Alexr. Dennistoun, merchant, owner, Reg. 29/3/1743, who was 4th bailie, 1634. He is named Danielstoun elsewhere, Prot. W.F.1, 14/1/1747. The alias is distinct-Alexr. Dennistoun's Close, now Craig's Close,Prot. J.W. 4, 23/3/1758. Alexander Dennistoun, burgess, had a son David, who had a tenement in Leitche's Close Prot. A.W.3, 12/8/1708 and is also called Dunniston, Prot. J. W.2, 29/7/1749. The north fragment of the close still exists between Cockburn and Market Streets. Birnie's Close, alias Craig's Close, Prot. A.W. 7, 13/7/1725, containing a tenement bounded by the lands of John Foullar on the east: of Alexr. Cant on the west: of Edward Little on the north: and by the High Street on the south, occupied lately by Richard Birnie, indweller in Edinburgh, Reg. 3/3/1744. In Prot W.F. 11, 21/6/1762 ,it's mentioned a dwelling-house formerly owned by Robert Bruce of Binning: thereafter by the late Mr. Thos. Craig, advocate: thereafter by the late Sir Ludovic Craig his son, one of the Senators of the College of Justice, in the close called Birnie's now Craig's Close. This tallies exactly with Craig's, alias Warrt'ston's Close, and creates uncertainty. Carmichael's Close. This close, alias Halyburton's Close, seems to have run east and west, forming the north boundary in Craig's Close of a tenement on the street front, Prot. G.H. 5, 25/2/1719; G.H. 7, 18/1/1725; Reg. 12/12/1859. It took its name from Wm. Carmichael, merchant and bailie, 3rd bat'lie 1673-4, resident in Little's (or Old Post Office) Close, Prot. G.H.5, 25/2/1719; G.H. 7, 18/1/1725; Reg. 12/12/1859, just east of Craig's Close. Its alias, Haliburton's Close, There were at least four closes of the name, is derived from the houses acquired by John Haliburton of Garvock, in Craig's, formerly Cant's Close, from Robert Haliburton, and disponed by him to his son Robert-they were on the east side of Craig's Close, Prot. J.W. 4, 23/3/1758; J. W. 5, 9/5/1759. Apparently the close ran from Haliburton's house, east side of Craig's Close, to Carmichael's house on the west side of Little's Close. It is not clearly shown on any map. Joysies, Joussie's, or Josiah's Close. Birrel's Diary Walks in Edinr, P. 86, of 10th July 1598 speaks of the juggler's rope stretcher between the top of St. Geill's Kirk steeple and a stair beneath the Cross, called Josiah's Closeheid. Robert Joussie or Joysie, son and heir of James Joysie, rebuilt in Craig's Close a burned tenement, owned after him in succession by Alexr. Cant: Gilbert Primrose, chief surgeon to His Majesty: his nephew Gilbert Gourlay and his wife Janet Primrose: Alexr. Dennistoun: Thos. Fairholme: and John Bailie, apothecary, who rebuilt the street front, Prot. G.I. 1, 28/12/1728; G. L. 2, 18/6/1766; Reg. 12/12/1859. The heirs of Andrew jossie owned land, apparently on east of Allan's Close, as also James jossie and his son Robert, Prot. W.F. 1, 14/1/1747. Elizabeth Cant, wife of Alexr. jousie, owned a tenement on the north side of the High Street, a little, below the Cross, Prot. G.I.3, 30/9/1739. This seems fairly conclusive.
CREWE COTTAGES
ROAD
From Crewe house or farm shown by Kirkwood 1817. "Crue", 21/2 miles from Edinburgh, Denovan 267. See also Crewe Bank etc. -Part II.
CRICHTON STREET From an architect of the time, o.& n.e. ii. 329. Ainslie 1780. James Crichton, mason, Crichton St., p. w. 1780/81.
CRIGHTON PLACE From Councillor Jas. Crighton, 16 Dean Terrace, who represented St. Bernard's Ward, 1884, and was convener of Trinity Hospital Committee, on whose ground it was built, jr.
CROALLPLACE From the coach building Works of John Croall & Sons.
CROFT-AN-RIGH (Croft of the King, being close to Holyrood). Croftangry, p. w. 1780/81, 24. Also "Chronicles of the Canongate". The ancient house is said to have been built by Regent Moray. A lias Grovesend, Maitland 143. The house and lane, unnamed, Gordon 1647. Croft-an-righ Wynd. D. 1827, 123. Croft Angry, Ainslie 1804.
CROMWELL STREET D.1827. From vicinity of citadel built under Oliver Cromwell by General Monk. Old Buildings named "Cromwell's Barracks", o.& n.e. 257.
CROSSCAUSEY Ainslie 1780 & 1804. Crossing to St. Leonards or from leading to the Cross House at St. Leonards. (Umphraville's Cross). "Street commo ly called Crosscauseway", m.t.c. 9/9/1801.
Now Crosscauseway.
CROWN PLACE
STREET
Crown Place formerly Whitefield Lane, so called from Whitefield House, residence of Mrs. Whitefield. Name changed about 1895. Crown St. D.1827 possibly from discovery of regalia, Edinburgh Cast, 1818, j.r.
CROWN SQUARE In the Castle, from the room where are kept the Crown and other regalia.
CUDDY LANE From a park near Gayfield Square, called the Ass or Cuddy Park evidently from its habitues.
CUMIN PLACE From Charlotte, daughter of George Cumin, of Relugas, who married 1808 Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, of the Grange estate, on which it is built. She is called also"Charles", St. G. 308. 379.
CUNNINGHAM PLACE From Peter Cunningham, builder of firm of James Cunningham & Sons, builders and house carpenters, Leith, j.r.